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Trying to find the best non-toxic kitchen cabinets for your home?

Many people are turning to safer, cleaner products in their home—from makeup and skincare to cleaning products and food. Now, this consciousness for a healthier lifestyle is making its way into the world of interior design.

Off-gassing has become a big topic in home renovation and design circles, as many construction materials and furnishings have been found to slowly release potentially hazardous chemicals known as volatile organic compounds, or VOCs.

Furniture items like kitchen cabinets can off-gas harmful chemicals – also known as VOCs – that can compromise your health. If you’re looking into new cabinets for your kitchen, you now have the option to invest in non-toxic kitchen cabinets for your own health and safety while also doing a good deed for the environment.

The Ultimate Guide to Non-Toxic, Low VOC Kitchen Cabinets 1

What are Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC)?

According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency, VOCs “are emitted as gasses from certain solids or liquids. VOCs include a variety of chemicals, some of which may have short- and long-term adverse health effects.” VOCs are commonly found in paints, cleaning supplies, building materials, flooring, and furnishings (among many other things), and can be found in concentrations of up to 10 times higher indoors than outdoors.

Common symptoms of VOC exposure include:

  • Eye, nose, and throat irritation
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Headaches
  • Rashes and skin issues
  • Dizziness

Long-term exposure to high concentrations of VOCs can cause more serious issues, including:

  • Lung irritation
  • Liver damage
  • Kidney damage
  • Central nervous system damage
  • Cancer

To protect your health, it’s important to limit your exposure to products and materials that contain VOCs. It may seem overwhelming, but it is possible to build or update your home to be more non-toxic. And a great place to start (or continue) your non-toxic lifestyle journey is in your kitchen.

Why Conventional Cabinets Emit Higher Levels of VOCs

Conventional stock cabinets and mass-produced kitchen cabinets, along with other building materials commonly found in kitchens, tend to have higher levels of VOCs. Many cabinet brands construct their cabinets using medium-density fiberboard (MDF), particleboard, or chipboard. Cabinets made of these materials involve pieces that have to be glued together—and that cabinet glue often contains formaldehyde, one of the most common VOCs.

In the days and weeks after you install these cabinets, the formaldehyde off-gasses into your home, lingering in the air and greatly affecting the indoor air quality. This is what some people consider the “new” smell that cabinetry or carpets have. (Though not all VOCs have a noticeable scent). While exposure to VOC off-gassing impacts every person differently, people with asthma, eczema, or otherwise weakened immune systems are especially vulnerable to the side effects caused by VOCs in conventional cabinets.

That is a lot of bad news. But here’s the good news: there are other options out there! It is possible to design a kitchen using cabinet manufacturers that produce premium non-toxic, low VOC kitchen cabinets.

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The Benefits of Non-Toxic Kitchen Cabinets

Environmentally friendly kitchen cabinets are ethically and sustainably sourced and manufactured to contain low or zero VOCs, mitigating off-gassing that is often present in conventional cabinets.
Not only that, but when you choose non-toxic, or “green” kitchen cabinets from a brand like Puustelli Kitchens, benefits of your new kitchen include:

  • High-quality, sustainable materials (no MDF or chipboard)
  • No Formaldehyde
  • No or low-VOC paints and varnishes
  • No endangered wood species
  • 100% recyclable biocomposite frames
  • Top indoor air quality rating

Many readily-available semi-custom cabinets claim to be non-toxic, and they are often better than stock cabinets. However, the only way you can guarantee getting 100% formaldehyde-free kitchen cabinets is to get them custom-made by a certified eco-friendly cabinetry designer.

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4 Non-Toxic Cabinet Materials

When searching for non-toxic cabinets, look for materials with no or low formaldehyde emissions. There are four primary kitchen cabinet materials to turn to when looking for low-VOC cabinets.

1) Non-Toxic Composite Wood

It can be difficult to completely avoid composite wood materials, especially if you’re designing a kitchen on a budget. Even some high-end products utilize engineered wood. However, you can find composite wood that incorporates little to no formaldehyde. Look for wood composite materials that meet the California Air Resources Board (CARB) standard for low formaldehyde emissions. These products will be labeled “California Phase 2 Compliant.”

You can also look for labels like:

  • ULEF: “Ultra-low emitting formaldehyde”
  • NAF: “No added formaldehyde”

2) Natural, Solid Wood

One of the best non-toxic cabinet materials—not to mention the most beautiful and timeless—is natural solid wood. Solid wood cabinets don’t require formaldehyde-based resins or glues, so they’re naturally non-toxic. Of course, you do have to consider the toxicity of stains and finishes as well. Look for natural wood that’s finished with natural oils or water-soluble stains and varnishes. Some common types of natural wood cabinets include:

  • Oak
  • Cherry
  • Maple
  • Hickory
  • Birch
  • Walnut
  • Mahogany

3) Reclaimed Wood

Reclaimed wood is another great non-toxic cabinet option that is very environmentally friendly. Reusing salvaged wood can make for a stunning eco-conscious kitchen because you can recycle existing materials instead of creating more products. And with reclaimed wood, you don’t have to worry about toxic finishes, as any off-gassing from stains and finishes will have already happened.

Like solid wood, reclaimed wood is also visually striking, often lending a rustic or traditional look to a kitchen.

4) Bamboo

Bamboo is a very eco-friendly, non-toxic cabinet material that’s growing in popularity. Since bamboo is technically a type of grass, not a tree, it grows very quickly, making it much easier and more ethical to harvest. Bamboo has a modern look and is incredibly durable, making it perfect for kitchen cabinetry. The only potential drawback of bamboo is that it can be quite expensive, since it isn’t as readily available in kitchen cabinet designs as other materials.

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Where You Can Find (and Buy) Non-Toxic Cabinets

Non-toxic cabinets are a great option for both remodels and new builds. At Puustelli, we’ve applied more than 100 years of Scandinavian kitchen cabinetry know-how to develop non-toxic kitchen cabinets with a top indoor air rating that help you feel more at ease in your new kitchen.

Puustelli cabinets are made without MDF, particleboard and chipboard, and they contain no formaldehyde, toxic solvents or stains.

Our non-toxic cabinets are also completely customizable, so you can have the look and feel of the kitchen of your dreams. With Puustelli cabinets, you can feel confident taking another step towards keeping your family and the environment healthy.

Ready to learn more about Puustelli cabinetry? Contact our team to learn more about our non-toxic cabinets and set up a free consultation at our Edina, Minnesota showroom location.

scandinavian kitchen cabinetry by puustelli

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